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Web Resources: Tribal Issues

Paula CampbellPaula Campbell, Permanency Planning for Children Department, NCJFCJ

Summary: American Indian and Alaska Native children and families face a number of significant challenges. Many are born into communities that experience widespread poverty, substance abuse, domestic violence and chronic health problems at much higher rates than non-Native communities. The following website links, articles and publications provide guidance for judges and other judicial stakeholders in working with Native families.

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Court Collaboration

Building Culturally Relevant Youth Courts in Tribal Communities (May 2004), National Youth Court Center, Office of Juvenile Justice and Prevention Department and Council of State Governments

Successful Strategies for Improving the Lives of American Indian and Alaska Native Youth and Families (Summer 2007), Focal Point Research, Policy and Practice in Children’s Mental Health.

Tips for Following Protocol When Working with Tribal Communities, Tribal Star

A Victim-Centered Approach to Domestic Violence Against Native Women (January 2008), Resource Guide for Drafting or Revising Tribal Laws Against Domestic Violence, Tribal Law and Policy Institute

Legislation

The Role of States in Implementing Tribal Provisions in the Fostering Connections Act, Association on American Indian Affairs: http://www.indian-affairs.org/programs/documents/FosteringConnections-TheRoleoftheStates-withlogo.doc

A Practical Guide to the Indian Child Welfare Act, Native American Rights Fund: http://narf.org/icwa/

Tribal Justice & Safety, US Department of Justice: http://www.tribaljusticeandsafety.gov/index.html

Information on provisions in P.L. 110-351 for tribal governments, National Indian Child Welfare Association (NICWA): http://www.nicwa.org/legislation/ActionAlert/

Title IV-E Helping Tribes Meet the Legal Requirements (March 2010), Jack F. Trope, Association on American Indian Affairs

Native American Trauma, Mental Health, and Substance Abuse Issues

Indian Country Child Trauma Center, Resources: http://www.icctc.org/Resources.htm

American Indian Youth: Exposure to Trauma, Dolores Subia Bigfoot, Indian Country Child Trauma Center and The National Child Traumatic Stress Network

Task Force on Violence Against Native American and Alaska Native Women: http://www.ovw.usdoj.gov/siw-s904ttf.htm

Indian Alcohol and Substance Abuse Program, Bureau of Justice Assistance: http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/BJA/grant/indian.html

American Psychiatric Association Study Identifying Suicide Risk Factors in Native American Youth: http://pn.psychiatryonline.org/cgi/content/full/38/11/28-a

Poupart, L.M. (2003), The Familiar Face of Genocide: Internalized Oppression Among Native Americans, Hypatia: http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/hypatia/v018/18.2poupart.html

Turtle Island Native Network website, Suicide Intervention-Prevention Resources and Research: http://www.turtleisland.org/healing/healing-suicide.htm

Johnson, T. & Tomner, H. (1999). Helplessness, Hopelessness, and Despair: Identifying the Precursors to Indian Youth Suicide, American Indian Culture and Research Journal,

Suicide is the second leading cause of death among American Indian youth 15 to 19 years of age, with a rate 2.7 times (37.1 per 100,000) that of youth of all races in the United States. Within the Indian youth suicide group, American Indian children placed in non-Indian homes for adoptive or foster care suffer a rate of seventy suicides per 100,000, six times higher than that of other youth in the United States: Trauma Exposure in American Indian/Alaska Native Children Fact Sheet, Indian Country Child Trauma Center,

Centers for American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health, University of Colorado, Denver, Research Projects: http://aianp.uchsc.edu/ncaianmhr/research_projects.htm

Violence and Victimization

The Illicit Drug Threat in Indian Country, National Drug Threat Assessment 2010, U.S. Department of Justice, National Drug Intelligence Center: http://www.justice.gov/ndic/pubs38/38661/swb.htm#Top

“Indian Reservations on Both U.S. Borders Become Drug Pipelines,” article: http://news.yahoo.com/s/mcclatchy/3538344

History of Victimization in Native Communities (March 2000),The Center on Child Abuse and Neglect (CCAN), monograph

Urban Indian America: The Status of American Indian & Alaska Native Children & Families Today, The National Urban Indian Family Coalition, Report to the Annie E. Casey Foundation

Child Welfare Research

Child Abuse and Neglect: An Examination of American Indian Data (December 2000), Casey Family Programs, NICWA. The research project obtained data regarding the current status of child abuse and/or neglect of Native children in the United States.

Tools

Native American Training Institute: The Native American Training Institute provides unique, culturally-relevant training and curriculum packages for professionals working with Native American children and families. http://www.nativeinstitute.org/abouttheinstitute.htm

A Native Pathway to Adulthood Curriculum, National Resource Center for Youth Services, Competency-based curriculum designed to enhance the skills of tribal and state workers in facilitating the transition of older Native American youth from out-of-home care to adulthood. http://www.nrcyd.ou.edu/programs/ilcurriculums/ysilcurric.html

Native American Rights Fund (NARF): Provides legal representation and technical assistance to Indian tribes, organizations and individuals nationwide. NARF focuses on applying existing laws and treaties to guarantee that national and state governments live up to their legal obligations. http://narf.org/about/about_whatwedo.html

Websites

National Resource Center for Tribes (NRC4Tribes), Children's Bureau's Child Welfare Training and Technical Assistance Network: http://www.nrc4tribes.org/

National Congress of American Indians Policy Research Center: http://www.ncaiprc.org/

National Indian Child Welfare Association (NICWA): http://www.nicwa.org/

Administration for Native Americans (ANA), US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children & Families: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/ana/about/about.html#priorities

US Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs: http://www.bia.gov/

National Congress of American Indians: http://www.ncai.org/

Association on American Indian Affairs: http://www.indian-affairs.org/index.htm

The Chickasaw Nation website: http://www.chickasaw.net/index.htm

United South and Eastern Tribes (USET) website: http://www.usetinc.org/Home.aspx

Great Lakes Inter-Tribal Council: http://www.glitc.org/web-content/index.php

Alaska Inter-Tribal Council: http://www.aitc.org/

Institute for Native Justice: http://www.institutefornativejustice.org/

American Indian Development Associates, State of New Mexico, Children Youth & Families Department: http://www.aidainc.net/

American Indian Higher Education Consortium: http://www.aihec.org/

National Council of Urban Indian Health: http://www.ncuih.org/index

United National Indian Tribal Youth, Inc. (UNITY): http://www.unityinc.org/

Tribal Justice Institute: http://www.law.und.edu/tji/

Tribal Star, Tribal Foster Youth Advocates: http://theacademy.sdsu.edu/TribalSTAR/

Tribal Law and Policy Institute: http://www.tribal-institute.org/lists/nations.htm

Alaska Federation of Natives: http://www.nativefederation.org

The US Department of Justice has supported CASA advocacy since 1985 through its Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
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